Monday, June 30, 2014

Chinese XJ with a frame

found this car from friend's backyard. Did some googling and found actually it is chinese Shunghuan brand, called Shjzh213.

The car have an frame, big drum brake front axle, front locking hub (wanda?), front and rear leaf springs. Unfortunately engine, transmission and rear axle was not there, short drive shaft in between transmission and transfer case.

see the photos:

here is some photos from chinese forum

Which grease should I use? 

Which grease should I use?

The following is from

We’ve all been there – staring at the business end of an anti-roll bar or A-arm or a random Zerk fitting, thinking to yourself: “Self, what kind of grease am I supposed to use?” While the answer to that question varies wildly, the places we all seek out those answers do not. Do you ask a mechanic? Which mechanic? What about the guys at the off-road shop that you bought the parts? They’ve probably sat and stared at the same parts you’re staring at. How about you get a hold of the people who make the grease and see what they suggest?

Of course, there’s more to this story than “What do I use?” That’s because there are about a bajillion greases on the market out there, and even though you’ve used one kind or another for this or that application, were you right to do so? Did you know what you were doing? Does someone else know more about grease than you?

This could have been a greasy this-for-that list, but you wouldn’t have enjoyed it very much. Instead, we reached out to people who know a few things about greases – especially in off-road settings – and knocked them about with our greasy questions. Most of these greasy folks work on the money-making side of the wrenching business (rather than the money-spending side, where the rest of us live), so they had lots of tales about greases they’ve known and loved, how to show grease a good time, and what they recommend when it’s time to grease: Chris Barker with Royal Purple; Brandon Schaub and Gerard Wagner at Tony’s Lube & Tune in San Diego; Jason Edwards and Jeramie the Mechanic at ORW in El Cajon, CA. This casual collection of mechanics and grease monkeys, plus a real-life manufacturer’s rep, had a lot to tell about different greases. Will any of it answer your questions?

A close-up of Royal Purple’s Ultra Performance #2 provides a good idea of how thick and stringy a sticky synthetic grease can be (and #2 isn’t the thickest).

It Begins: What Grease for Urethane Bushings?
Speaking of staring, this story sprung up while glaring at a set of urethane bushings for some upper A-arms on a Toyota. While we had used the as-specified grease for the arms when they were installed (a sticky goop supplied with the arms), there wasn’t a lot and we’d used it up, and the bushings had started squeaking again. The Zerks feeding those bushings were begging for a shot of grease from the gun full of bearing grease in the garage, and we tried a shot of it, but it didn’t last. The high lateral loading and constant movement of the upper A-arm worked the axle grease right back out of the bushing, and they began squeaking again in a matter of days.

In search of suggestions, we paid our buddies at Off-Road Warehouse in El Cajon a visit. Jason and Jeramie agreed that a Lubrication Engineering grease they called “gorilla snot” or “the red stuff” was good for this application. They’d used it before – the official name was Almagard – and the variable-purpose grease had been very durable. It was a tacky, lithium-complex grease that water didn’t bother much (good for the summer high-mountain, creek-fording season). Jason said he’d been recommending it for years, and he’d used it for everything from springs, rubber, poly, and the ceiling fan in his living room. Jeramie at ORW added that he likes to use the red stuff on aftermarket and HD truck ball joints.

Gerard with Tony’s suggested Lucas’s Red & Tacky #2 for poly A-arm bushings.

To get some of the science behind our grease questions, we sought out Chris at Royal Purple – he’s been on the manufacturing end of the grease business for 10 years. When we asked Chris the poly bushing question, he smiled and stated that he gets it a lot. He suggested Royal Purple’s Ultra Performance Grease #2, which is good for most chassis points that need the grease to stick around (and is made in the U.S.). He added that the numbers on grease identify the firmness of the grease, and that almost all multiple-application greases are #1, 2 or 3 (mostly #2), and the lower the number, the thinner the lube. A #0000 grease flows like oil, while you could mug someone with a #6 grease. Clunky “brick” greases like a #6 are used in situations where heat will melt them, such as with steam engines, oil wells or a compound mill.

Chris has been a Texas oil eater for a long time, so he had a lot of knowledge to share:
• A grease is the combination of a lubricating agent and a suspension agent.
• There are very few greases that are bad for polyurethane.
• It’s an old wives’ tale that poly elastomers don’t like petroleum-based lubes. Most polyurethanes or Delrin are stable and inert in the presence of mineral lubes.
• Rubber, on the other hand, doesn’t get along with the dino-based stuff – just leave a rubber bushing in a rock-juice bath for a few weeks and watch what it does.
• The color of a grease only means someone wanted to make it that color: there are very few chemical causes for what’s colored what (that’s why ATF is red, for example – someone said so). This even goes for Royal Purple products – they’re purple because Royal Purple isn’t named Royal Green.
• The only “sort’a” exception to grease coloration is greases with molys in them: molydnum or molydnum disulfide. The graphite in these means they’re always going to be the color of graphite.
• Sticky greases are sticky to keep the lube where it was applied. A tackiness agent in the grease does the heavy lifting; in some cases, it’s formulated to “string” as a part of its function. The type of stickiness is usually specific to each application, and temperature tends to affect a grease’s stickiness.
• Check parts manuals for exact grease instructions. It’s common to see a thickness requirement (#2), but specs about specific greases for specific bushings are rare.

Gerard at Tony’s Lube & Tune in San Diego has been wrenching longer than most of us have been alive. When he was asked the same question about polyurethane bushings, he simply declared, “Something that will stick around. And USE it – don’t be cheap.” He agreed that checking the part manufacturer’s specs was a good idea, and then reminisced about a grease Chrysler used to make for its front-drivers in the ‘90s that was the stickiest he’d every seen (even tackier than the #2 Lucas “Red “N” Tacky” grease he uses now as his “sticky” grease). Gerard said the Chrysler grease was “stupid-tacky” – staying in place “forever” – and was ideal for high-temp and high-pressure applications. Gerard proceeded to bitch for five minutes about not being able to get it anymore, which made the effort of interviewing him totally worthwhile.

Jeramie at ORW made the same point Gerard had – don’t skimp, and don’t miss Zerks. The guys at ORW had a lot of off-road info: it helps to ask the specialists when you need specialized info.

Getting Grease on Bearings (and Keeping It There)
While Gerard was sounding off about the worldwide conspiracy to keep him from having good grease, Brandon from Tony’s had a few minutes to talk about how much he enjoys packing axles and bearings. He’s a boat guy, and has gotten hooked on using marine grease for almost all big boy bearings instead of regular bearing grease. This went doubly for extra-load, heavy-duty applications and trailers. He does a 100%-pack on boat trailers and any vehicle that might see deep water (trail guys: are you listening?), because any holes in the grease pack of a bearing will let water in – Brandon likes to make sure the water doesn’t have a place to go. He’s also a big fan of using a Bearing Buddy to keep whatever grease is at hand on the bearings where it belongs (trailer-supply stores sell these).

Jason and Jeramie at ORW had the same advice about packing bearings – a little grease on the outside won’t do the job. If you can’t pack bearings by hand, get the tool and use it. Jeramie likes what he called “standard blue” high-temp wheel bearing grease for most axle and high-load bearing applications (and insisted that you need to use a high-temp grease that’s made for bearings), though he suggested the stickier Almagard (the red stuff) for trucks with small bearings like Rangers, because they move faster and tend to cook and subsequently sling wussy greases. Jeramie added that “the red stuff” is good for applications with a lot of heat because of its stickiness, while he likes Swepco 101 moly grease for U-joints because it works to keep water out, and the moly cuts down on friction – even when the grease is gone there’s still a little graphite hanging around (just in case).

Jason at ORW enjoys grease – can’t you tell? At least, he enjoys these greases, because they work great for the SoCal desert and buggy guys.

Jason added that a popular constant-velocity (CV) packing trick that many SoCal sand and buggy builders like Jimco and Alumicraft use is to fill the CVs with a 50/50 mix of Swepco 101 moly grease and Bel-Ray’s astronomically-priced anti-seize, packing them in super-messy handful-of-goop fashion. The 50/50 blend goes in as a paste, won’t separate, and stays there as long as the boot is intact. He said that with some axle grease, the same combo works for standard half-shaft CVs, but stated that if you’re going to try it, bring your purse because it’s not a cheap mix to make. Gerard at Tony’s cautioned against mixing moly greases with lithium greases, however, and then bitched about moly greases for five minutes (again, worth the price of admission).

Some More Science - Greascience
Chris from Royal Purple cautioned everyone who’s seeking, using or recommending greases that words have meaning. Call a grease by its specific name – what it is – and avoid using slang terms. Moly could be molydnum, or it could be molydnum disulfide – they’re not the same thing and both do different things. He also reminded us that grease is not oil – grease is an oil plus a thickener, and that thickener (with whatever else has been added to the grease’s formula) is designed to hold the lube somewhere, make it behave in a certain fashion, keep some in reserve, or stop it from leaking. You use greases when you can’t keep the oil from leaking because grease stays put under pressure, and in extra-hot applications. Mechanical devices need to be able to count on grease to perform, maintaining its film strength and sticking around, and good formulas mean good performance. Chris was also adamant that you get what you pay for with any grease product, which is why Royal Purple sells a lot of grease.

Brandon from Tony’s reached into a shoebox full of spare and unused specialty grease packets to remind us why it’s smart to keep the leftovers.

Some more thoughts about grease from the guys:
• When you inject grease with a pump grease gun – which can exert a lot of pressure – rubber and urethane bushings can be “mushroomed” out of place if there’s no route for the injected grease to flow around the bushing. Be sure to give the grease room to move without pressurizing and distorting the bushing. In case you do overpressurize a bushing, yank the fitting (Zerk or otherwise) to see if the bushing will depressurize itself.
• Jeramie likes anti-seize for parts that are hard to service, like leaf spring bushings.
• Coat replaceable poly bushing with your choice of grease when you’re installing them.
• For the slip-joint in a driveshaft, use a high-temp wheel bearing grease.
• We started seeing sealed ball joints in the ‘90s, and this trend may spell the end of Zerks on new cars. Gerard suggested it was Mercedes-Benz’s fault, and then spent five minutes bitching about German cars (keep in mind, his last name is “Wagner”).
• Don’t feel silly hoarding the spare grease packets that come with suspension parts – Brandon’s been doing it for years, especially the grease that comes with poly parts.

Sunday, June 8, 2014

Front Dana 30 axle rebuild

Replaced ball joints and front hub bearing.

Timken hub bearing:

Alloy USA ball joints

Installed 4.56 ring and pinion set with Aussie Locker in my front Dana 30 axle.

Tolerance is 3.7mm (0.146"), which means within spec 3.683mm - 4.318mm (0.145" - 0.170").

Started installation on empty differential case before bolting up of ring gear. If ring gear mounted to differential case, you can't install pinion (cross) shaft.

Test fit:


Pin and spring installed

Unfortunately, phone battery is out and no further photos.

When 2WD turning, it is not noticeable, like an open differential. Will do real test soon, just after break-in period.

1 sticker added on my side window


Actually this locker is for Dana 35 rear axle. Long ago I bought it but decided to upgrade my rear axle with C 8.25 and kept. 

After receipt of new 4.56 gear set and differential case for my front axle, I remember this locker and checked. Once I read from forum, somebody installed Dana 35 lunchbox locker in Dana 30, but it was not an Aussie one.

Side gear will seat here:

Measured diameter of side gear seating hole, it was 39.3mm

measuring a depth,

depth is 15.47mm

The side gear of locker was  slightly bigger, diameter 41.3mm

It means I need to shave 2.2 mm (41.29 mm - 39.10 mm) total or milling 1.1mm is enough to fit in the case.

Soon they will match.

Went to shop and requested to mill side gears. The result: Diameter of side gear is 39.14mm.

Perfect fit with a small gap between case and side gear

Assembled side gears and cam gears,

 The required gap between gears is 3.683mm - 4.318mm (0.145" - 0.170"). Fitted temporary spacer, checked side gap between case and side gear. I need a 2mm thick thrust washer at each side.

Found a 1mm steel washers and installed 2 of them at each side of side gear and locker installed.

Tuesday, June 3, 2014

Regearing the rear

On the way to work, running around 50km/h and hit a hole on the road. Heard a very loud bang from underside and no acceleration at all. Hitting the skinny pedal, rev increases but she is slowing down. Tried to switch 4x4 part time, successfully. Drive further slowly and heading to parking space and parked in.

After stopping, changed gearshift lever from D to R got a Another BANG again and no reverse. R to D - bang, D to R - bang :( she can not move at all. Called a friend for help and he arrived shortly. When I change gear, he inspect underside and said rear drives haft is turning, probably pinion gear teeth damaged and after short discussion we decided to open there. Opened rear diff and found a mess. The cross shaft was broken at bolt hole and cross shaft bolt broken also. One of spider gears smashed into pieces. Cross shaft slide to side and stopped against diff cover, so carrier can't rotate.

Previously I bought a ring pinion and master installation kit for re-gearing my rear end, now a time to install them.  Removed damaged parts and we need to move to shop to repair. We can drive by front axle, putting t-case on 4x4 part time. The problem is, if we left rear diff without spider gears, axle shafts will move inside and c-clip will drop. Then tire will be free and move outside with the axle shaft. To prevent axle shaft movement, we have to add something between side gears.  Found a solution and did. After short test drive, everything seems okay and we finally reached to workshop located 10km.

The old carrier is an open diff carrier, moved away.

Friend have a Chrysler 8.25 27 spline axle with trac lok and we decided to install near gear set on this carrier.

ring gear installed, bearings pressed and seals installed. Almost there.

The final pattern - coast side

The final pattern - drive side

to install a cross shaft, tooth shaved a little.

Sunday, May 11, 2014

Heater valve

few days ago XJ had a leak around heater core valve. When starting it was just a drip but now it is leaking more. Ordered replacement, but until arrival of it, the leakage may increase and lost all coolant. Decide to direct connect hoses and bought 2 of them.

Just tried to remove top hose, but unsuccessful. this end of valve was broken and leakage was there.

carefully removed broken plastic from hose end, the valve itself is below

nicely done

and vacuum control temporarily hung there till arrival of replacement.

Saturday, May 10, 2014

WIX oil filter and Engine Oil

Bought oversized Wix filter for 4.0. Part number is 51515.

Style:Spin-On Lube Filter
Type:Full Flow
Outer Diameter:3.66
Thread Size:3/4-16
By-Pass Valve Setting-PSI:8-11
Anti-Drain Back Valve:Yes
Beta Ratio:2/20=6/20
Burst Pressure-PSI:290
Max Flow Rate:7-9 GPM
Nominal Micron Rating:21

Gasket Diameters
Attached 2.8342.4620.2

ConocoPhillips® Super Motor Oil - SAE 10W-40

Super Motor Oil is a high-quality conventional engine oil. It is formulated to provide excellent wear protection, to minimize the formation of sludge and varnish, and to resist viscosity and thermal breakdown, even in severe service. It also protects against rust and bearing corrosion, and has good foam resistance.

Viscosity SAE 10W-40

• Resists viscosity and thermal breakdown at high temperatures
• Protects against sludge and varnish formation
• Protects against wear
• Protects against rust and bearing corrosion
• Good low-temperature properties for easier cold starts
• Good foam resistance

Sunday, May 4, 2014

Dynomax muffler installation

Installed Dynomax Super Turbo muffler #17747 today.

mine doesn't have a cat,  glasspack was installed instead of cat.

Measured inlet O.D of inlet and outlet of old muffler

Inlet O.D is 55.13mm

Outlet  O.D is 48.08mm

  New muffler is 2 1/4" inlet (57.43mm) and outlet (57.39mm)

Removed old muffler (top) and compared with new one (bottom)

Old muffler inlet connected with glasspack using U-bolt and outlet was welded. Disconnected outlet pipe using hacksaw

 The difference of O.Ds are 1/4". made a 4 slots using hacksaw 
and directed them like photo below, for easier compressing

 Outlet pipe connected to muffler using U-bolt

inlet was very little bigger than glasspack outlet, made a 8 slots and U-bolt tightened.


for comparison below are "before" & "after" video